Deixis and Distance

Free download. Book file PDF easily for everyone and every device. You can download and read online Deixis and Distance file PDF Book only if you are registered here. And also you can download or read online all Book PDF file that related with Deixis and Distance book. Happy reading Deixis and Distance Bookeveryone. Download file Free Book PDF Deixis and Distance at Complete PDF Library. This Book have some digital formats such us :paperbook, ebook, kindle, epub, fb2 and another formats. Here is The CompletePDF Book Library. It's free to register here to get Book file PDF Deixis and Distance Pocket Guide.

Eight chimpanzees living at the Primate Research Institute of Kyoto University, Japan [ 16 ] were individually tested in an indoor room, separated from experimenters by railings made of metallic bars.

Pragmatics: Deixis and Distance

Two video cameras VC1 and VC2 recorded all sessions. Figure 1. Experimental setting. Two video cameras VC1 and VC2 recorded all experimental events. The requesting behaviours of the chimpanzees were tested under two conditions.


  1. (PDF) Deixis and Distance | Siti F Musadad - frenexlimi.tk?
  2. WALS Online - Chapter Distance Contrasts in Demonstratives.
  3. Wild?
  4. Navigation menu.
  5. Who can edit:;
  6. 1 Introduction.

The chimpanzees were given the food by E2 within 15 s of their first request regardless of their behaviour during the trial. The chimpanzees were alone while waiting for the food and were given the food by E1 15 s from her departure. Each chimpanzee performed 10 test sessions and five control sessions, up to one per day. All signals produced by the chimpanzees were coded from the video data and categorized into manual requesting gestures begging and pointing gestures through the railings , attention-getting behaviours clapping or banging , and others e.

The modalities of these signals were also categorized into visual or silent gestures e. Systematic variations in the qualitative features of these gestures based on the distance of the referent were expected; more specifically, spatially extended gestures were expected when requesting distant pieces of food. Descriptions of the statistical analyses and results are provided in the electronic supplementary material. Unsurprisingly, the chimpanzees produced intentional and communicative signals rather than merely food-associated signals.

Figure 2. More importantly, the chimpanzees adjusted their manual and non-vocal oral gestures according to the distance of the referent [ 7 ]. Interestingly, this effect was not significant for either the small opening or when the food was close. This suggests that, for a close referent, manual distance encoding is sufficient, whereas chimpanzees might need to provide more information via the oral system for a farther referent. The chimpanzees were able to take the presence of another individual into account and tailor their signals in an appropriate manner.

Furthermore, to the best of our knowledge, this is the first study to demonstrate that chimpanzees are able to use distance-specific gestures. This ability to gesturally distinguish a close from a far space is quite similar to the sophisticated use of deictic words and gestural pointing used by humans and suggests a close connection between the manual and oral systems.

In the present study, chimpanzees used spatially extended oral and manual gestures to request a distant piece of food, a phenomenon observed in human language at a gestural level as well as a linguistic level [ 5 — 7 ]. More specifically, humans use spatially extended oral and manual gestures to designate a distant object by exhibiting a larger mouth opening and greater manual gesture amplitude for a farther object [ 6 , 7 ].

This example of phonosymbolism a non-arbitrary relationship between phonetics and semantics , in conjunction with the gestural encoding of distance in both the oral and manual gestures, indicates a close relationship between linguistic structures and communicative gestures in human language. The present results suggest that both deictic words and gestures may have emerged from highly symbolic oral and manual gestures spatially extended gestures for a farther reference , progressively integrated into language phonology open vowels.

The presence of motivated combinations between phonetics and semantics would have then facilitated the emergence of vocabulary by constraining the manner in which words were first mapped onto referents. The distance encoding mechanism requires further investigation in chimpanzees and other primate species that are more and less phylogenetically distant from humans, both in captivity and the wild, to provide novel evidence for the multimodal and phonosymbolic emergence of language. Coded data are available as electronic supplementary material.

All authors approved the final version of the manuscript and agree to be held accountable for the content therein. The authors have no competing interests to declare.

The present manuscript is available via Open Access. Vilain and C. SlideShare Explore Search You. Submit Search. Successfully reported this slideshow. We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime. Upcoming SlideShare. Like this presentation? Why not share!

Navigation menu

Embed Size px. Start on. Show related SlideShares at end. WordPress Shortcode.

Deixis and distance, reference and inference by Mikkel Lotzfeldt on Prezi

U Follow. Published in: Education , Technology , Business. Full Name Comment goes here. Are you sure you want to Yes No. Browse by Genre Available eBooks Aayat Khan great work. Thank you ever such a lot. Saria Qamar at Student ooooooooooooooosum. Show More. Emen Kotb.

Bilal Inayat. No Downloads. Views Total views. Actions Shares. Embeds 0 No embeds. No notes for slide. Pptx 1. Shadia Y.

2-Deixis and distance.

Scott Soames. Fundamental Math. Russell Pead. John I. Understanding Freud: The Unconscious Mind. Set Theory Essentials. Emil Milewski.

Metaphor and the Sapir-Whorf-Hypothesis. Christoph Burger. Linguistics For Beginners. Terrence Gordon. How To Teach Algebra. An E-book About Fallacies of Causation. Luca Notini. Otavio Bueno. Topics in Commutative Ring Theory. John J. Basic Concepts of Discourse Analysis. Jonathan Kaye. Edward E. Little Green Apples Publishing. Irving M. Emilio Rivano Fischer. A Student's Dictionary of Language and Linguistics.

Larry Trask. Moni Kanchan Panda. Gregory Landini. Samuel Horelick.

Just another Blog Mahasiswa Unimus site

Morphology's place in the grammar. Silvia Alpers. Classical vs. Modern theory in cognitive linguistics. Aleksandra Pendarovska. The Principles of Politeness and Social Deixis. Christian Hensgens. The Secret Adversary Annotated. Agatha Christie. Pride And Prejudice. Jane Austen.